Introduction to Civil Engineering and Top Colleges:
What is Civil Engineering :
Civil engineering is one of the oldest known branches of engineering which basically deals with the planning, designing, construction and maintenance of all the infrastructure that we see in today’s world which includes work of roads, buildings, canals, bridges, dams, sewers, tunnels etc. It’s traces can be seen since times immemorial. From ancient civilizations like Harrapa and Mohan jo daro to today’s well planned modern cities, from ancient monuments to today’s jaw-dropping sky touching buildings, every single physical concrete structure is a creation of civil engineering.It is the broadest and most versatile branch of engineering which we encounter in our daily life.
We may not realize it but even a simple water drainage system is a masterpiece of civil engineering. It defines our world and it defines it’s development. A nation with a good infrastructure will always lead the race of development. It is a very interesting profession as in this field you can leave your mark on the world, literally.
Brnaches of Civil Engineering
Since the world is developing day by day, the need of a strong infrastructure is increasing too in various sectors. To meet the requirements of various sectors civil engineering has been further classified into branches like
Materials science and engineering– It deals with the fundamental study of materials which are used in construction like concrete and strong metals like iron.
Coastal engineering– It deals with coastal regions. It studies the processes going on the shoreline and prevents the erosion of coasts.
Construction engineering– This branch of engineering deals with infrastructure such as roads, tunnels, bridges, airports, railroads, dams etc.
Earthquake engineering– It focuses on building structures which can withstand hazardous consequences of earthquake.
Environmental engineering– It deals with the treatment of hazardous wastes and thus making our environment a safe and better place to live in.
Geo Technical engineering– This field of engineering indulges in the study of soil and rocks and analysis and construction of systems which are made of or supported by the soil.
Structural engineering– It is concerned with the construction of all structural systems and their components
Municipal or urban engineering– It deals with municipal infrastructure which includes streets, parks, sewer systems, waterworks, pavements etc.
The eligibility requirement to become a Civil Engineer:
What it takes to become an Civil Engineer?
A bachelor degree in engineering is the minimum requirement to become a qualified civil engineer.
Candidate must have passed class 12th exam with science stream.(PCM)
Career Path to become a Civil Engineer:
How to become a Civil Engineer:
STEP 1-Take ENTRANCE TEST:
One must also clear state or national level entrance exams for engineering like
AIEEE (All India Engineering Entrance Exams)
JEE Main (Joint Entrance Exam Main)
AICET (All India Common Entrance Test) etc.
Admissions are made on the basis of ranks scored in such entrance tests
STEP 2- Get a Bachelor degree in civil engineering from a good college
STEP 3-Get licensed as a professional Engineer if you want to take on public projects. You have to clear fundamental engineering exam for that and at least four years working experience.
STEP 1- If candidate is not able to do Degree in Engineering then Get a Diploma in civil engineering from a Goverment Polytechnics
Entrance Exams for a Civil Engineer:
Entrance Examination for B.Tech in Civil Engineering :-
- AIEEE :- All India Engineering Entrance Examination
- AICET :- All India Common Entrance Test
- BITSAT :- Birla Institute of Technology and Science Examination
- TNPCEE :- Tamil Nadu Professional Courses Entrance Examination
- IIT JEE :- Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Examination
If you want to apply for this Examination then you should pass 12th standard in Science stream with Physics and Mathematics from recognized School(like CBSE) . You should score minimum 60% percentage of marks in 12th board examination .
M.Tech in Civil Engineering :-
If you want to apply for M.tech in Civil Engineering then you should pass Bachelor of Civil Engineering with Mathematics / Physics / Computer Science from recognized university . You should score more then 80% percentage of marks .
Entrance Examination for M.tech in Civil Engineering :-
- GATE :- Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
- TANCET :- Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test
- PGECET :- Post Graduate Engineering Common Entrance Test
- SRMEEE :- SRM Engineering Entrance Examination
However one can also start their journey in the field of civil engineering after completing their 10th. But here the candidate can only apply for a diploma program and can join as junior engineers after completion of their course.
Important Note : A bachelor’s degree in Engineering is the minimum requirement to become a qualified civil engineer. A post graduate degree is required for research or teaching posts and an additional degree in business administration is desirable for management positions.
Top Civil Engineering Schools/Colleges in India:
Here is best Civil Engineering College in India
- Indian Institute of Technology, IIT Bombay
- Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (IITD)
- Indian Institute of Technology, (IIT Kharagpur)
- Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (IITK)
- Indian Institute of Technology, (IIT Madras)
- Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS-Pilani)
- Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee (IITR)
- Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati (IITG)
- Delhi Technological University (DTU)
- Indian Institute of Technology, IIT-BHU
- Anna University (AU Chennai)
- Indian Institute of Technology, IIT Hyderabad
- National Institute of Technology (NIT Trichy)
- College of Engineering Pune (CoEP)
- Jadavpur University (JU, Kolkata)
- Thapar University (TU Patiala)
- Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology (MNNIT)
- PEC University of Technology (PEC)
- National Institute of Technology, (NIT Jamshedpur)
- National Institute of Technology (NIT Kurukshetra)
- Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College (GNDEC)
- Acharya Institute of Technology (AIT Bangalore)
- Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering (DSCE)
- Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT)
- Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management University (GITAM University)
Career Prospects in Civil Engineering
There is a vast scope for progress in civil engineering in both public and private sector. Today’s world is growing fast which is raising the need of infrastructure which could accommodate the modern society. So there is a huge demand of good civil engineers in various sectors.Employment of civil engineers is expected to grow 8 percent from 2014 to 2024. One may also take up following jobs in private firms
- Project Manager
- Assistant Project Manager
- Site Engineer
- Civil Engineer
- Assistant Civil Engineer
- Purchase and Quality control Executive
- Planning and Design Officer
- Building control surveyor
- Consulting civil engineer
- Contracting civil engineer
- Structural engineer
- Water engineer
Civil Engineering jobs in India
- Simplex Infrastructures
- TATA PROJECTS
- SOBHA DEVELOPERS.
- B Seenaiah & Co
- DLF Laing O’Rourke
- Hindustan Motors Limited
- Jindal Steel
- Mahindra & Mahindra
- Martin Burn Ltd
- Sky Line Builders
- Toyo Engineering
- Tata Projects Ltd
- Tata Steel
Salary Packages after Civil Engineering Courses:
Freshers can expect salary around 10-15k per month for degree holders while diploma holders can expect around 8-10k per month. However with experience of 3-4 years one can expect a healthy package. Salary is of no bar for the right candidates in this field.